i-ACT / Darfur / VIVA AND CONIFA WORLD CUP
from i-ACT Website
iACT provides humanitarian action to aid, empower, and extend hope to those affected by mass atrocities.
To create a world where people are connected and equipped to act. iACT is a hands-on leader empowering those affected by mass atrocities to live healthier and more dignified lives. Through advocacy and on-the-ground change, we provide the tools and training necessary to create a new culture of participation for people responding to and facing humanitarian crises globally.
In 2005, iACT Founding Executive Director Gabriel Stauring visited his first Darfuri refugee camp, located on the Chad-Sudan border. Stauring’s goal was to collect the stories of survivors of the Darfur genocide, then share them with individuals, the international community, and governmental actors in order to inspire action. The trip, intended to be his first and only, turned into visits taken two to three times every year, as well as a new path in life.
Over the next several years following that first trip, Gabriel built a strong group of volunteer team members who became personally connected to the Darfuri refugees, such as Adam, Fatna, Achta, and Guisma, and who were dedicated to supporting iACT’s trips, programs, and campaigns through their unique and diverse sets of skills and expertise. Gabriel traveled the U.S. with iACT’s first exhibit, Camp Darfur, educating communities and inspiring them to take part in nationally coordinated campaigns.
In 2007, Katie-Jay Scott, iACT’s current Chief Operating Officer, joined the iACT team and the full-time staff size doubled. Driven by their passion to provide support for individuals and communities affected by mass atrocities, Katie-Jay and Gabriel formalized iACT in 2009. Building upon years of listening to refugees and observing the refugee context in eastern Chad, iACT began to focus on filling gaps in humanitarian response and on improving the ways to create and implement programs with refugee populations.
This model begins with the beneficiary community identifying its own needs. Once identified, iACT conducts research on current solutions, models of success, failures, philosophies, and resources. We then form a team of diverse experts, and in partnership with refugee beneficiaries, begin building a framework around a possible community-driven solution.
iACT refuses to accept the status quo of humanitarian aid and services for displaced communities. Instead, we begin with the assumption that anything can be delivered or implemented, and, placing the community at the center, we look outside the box to create solutions that use the environmental limitations as assets rather than obstacles. Through a process of testing and iterations, a program is eventually shaped and molded to be the most effective for that community.
Today, iACT is an international organization pioneering processes, programs, and education campaigns to improve the humanitarian refugee response around the globe. iACT is about action and empowerment inspired through personal relationships. Teamwork is at the heart of our change model. We collaborate with experts and organizations across different sectors, and, most importantly, the refugee beneficiaries, in order to design and implement education, sports, and human rights solutions at the forefront of humanitarian efforts.
When: 2003 – Present
Location: Western Sudan
Estimated Dead: 350,000 – 500,000
Number of Displaced: 3 million
The Sudanese government, along with Arab militia known as Janjaweed, are attempting to exterminate and/or drive out the indigenous population of Darfur with a campaign of murder and terror. Since 2003, almost half a million civilians have died as a result of violence, starvation, and disease while nearly three million people have been driven from their homes and forced into refugee camps in neighboring countries or Internally Displaced Person camps (IDP) within Sudan. Janjaweed militia have also been accused of widespread rape throughout the region, with estimates being well above 10,000 cases.
The conflict in Darfur began in 2003 with the onset of the Darfur Rebellion, spearheaded by two rebel groups known as the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudanese Liberation Movement (SLM), seeking greater autonomy for Darfur. This desire for autonomy comes out of the complex ethnic make-up of the Sudan.
The North is primarily of Arab muslims, the South is comprised of African christians, and the majority of Darfur (in the West) is African muslims. However, power has always been concentrated in the north of the country, leaving the other regions and ethnic groups both marginalized and without representation. This disparity in power has led to two protracted civil wars between the north and the south that left over two million dead.
Just as the Darfur Rebellion was beginning, the Second Sudanese civil war was finally coming to a close and the northern government and the southern rebel movements were finalizing the conditions for an independent South Sudan.
War-weary from decades of civil war and keen on sustaining the territorial integrity of the Sudan, the Sudanese government sought to silence the Darfur rebellion quickly and aggressively. After a year of fighting rebel groups, the government offensive transitioned to attacking civilian population centers in 2004.
The Sudanese government employed a scorched-earth policy, in which they not only attacked rebel strongholds but also destroyed villages and civilian population centers in order to eliminate any support for the rebel groups or autonomy in the region. Sudanese soldiers and Janjaweed militia engaged in a campaign of murder and destruction, leaving thousands dead and thousands more fleeing for their lives. By 2006, the UN classified the conflict in Darfur as the world’s “worst humanitarian crisis.”
While the genocide in Darfur gained large amounts of public attention in the late 2000s, public awareness on the issue and support for action has waned. Public awareness began to drop off around 2008-2009 as violence in the region decreased due to peace talks between the government and rebel forces.
However, peace talks broke down in early 2010 and violence in the region has resumed without much public attention. In 2014 alone there were over 3,000 attacks on villages throughout the region.
There are currently nearly 20,000 African Union and UN troops stationed in Darfur. While these troops have been in Darfur since 2005, there has been little success in stopping the violence over the past decade.
Their mandate is strictly for peacekeeping, which prevents them from taking offensive measures to stop Janjaweed or the Sudanese government’s attacks.
The VIVA World Cup was an international association football tournament organized by the New Federation Board, an umbrella association for teams unaffiliated with FIFA, held five times between 2006 and 2012
from NF BOARD Website
The N.F.-Board project was officially born in April 2003, when the "Observatoire Mondial des Footballs" (OMF) took the initiative to gather, in Liège, the representatives of football federations of Monaco and Tibet. After the OMF polled around forty federations many years ago, it is in the office of Luc Misson -attorney of the FIFPRO and known in the world of football for the Bosman case- where all started.
Christian Michelis, from Monaco, Jean-Luc Kit, President of the OMF and author of the 1994 and 1995 World Atlas of Football, Luc Misson, attorney and humanist former Vice-President of the Human Rights League and Thierry Marcadé representing Tibetian Sports, plus the support of Karel Stokkermanns, president of the RSSSF the world's largest association of Statisticians, and two other football specialists of smaller countries, Pieter Veroeveren and Steven Parsons, were the inspiring forces of the project.
The N.F.- Board was born on a 12th of December 2003, in a Belgian pub of Brussels named "La Mort Subite" meaning "The Sudden Death". Fortunately the name of that pub wasn't premonitory at all, as today, after ten years of activities, the N.F.- Board is more alive than ever.
Registered in Liege (Belgium) as a Non-Governmental and Nonprofit Organization, the N.F.-Board was recognized by the United Nations in 2011 under the label ECOSOC. The N.F.-Board claims to be an apolitical and non-religious institution, consisting of individual Members and Football Associations looking for an alternative to the all-out process against FIFA.
Its watchwords are, first of all, to respect the existing authorities, to apply the Laws of the Game set up by the International Football Board (IFAB) and to open the doors to all Football Associations legally constituted.
Consequently, all Football Associations are welcome until they become possibly for some of them, Members of FIFA. In that case we would be the firsts to come celebrate such an event.
As described by English journalist Steve Menary in his book « Outcasts: The Lands That FIFA Forgot », the N.F.-Board intends to be complementary to FIFA, a sort of "Waiting Room" before going through the big entrance.
Our deepest hope is that this "Waiting Room" sets out to be an open field where football is used as an instrument of union, distribution and transmission of dreams to the peoples, nations and populations of isolated territories.
The ConIFA World Football Cup is an international football tournament organized by ConIFA, an umbrella association for states, minorities, stateless peoples and regions unaffiliated with FIFA, planned to be held every two years.
from CONIFA website
CONIFA, the Confederation of Independent Football Associations, is the football federation for all associations outside FIFA.
It’s a global acting non-profit organization that supports representatives of international football teams from nations, de-facto nations, regions, minority peoples and sports isolated territories.
CONIFA was founded on the 7th of June 2013, and organized his first World Football Cup in June 2014 in Ostersund, Sweden.
With high ethical standards and dedicated members CONIFA is the world leading organization for people, nations and sportingly isolated regions whom share the joy of playing international football. CONIFA contributes to the enhancement of global relations and international understanding.
CONIFA aims to build bridges between people, nations, minorities and isolated regions all over the world through friendship, culture and the joy of playing football. CONIFA works for the development of affiliated members and is committed to fair play and the eradication of racism.